Standard Solar System Components

This brings up an important point: it takes more than a solar panel to get a PV system up and running, though. In fact, there are generally four components in every PV system:

1. Solar panels – captures sun’s energy and converts it to electricity
2. Controller – protects batteries by regulating the flow of electricity
3. Batteries – store electricity for later use
4. Inverter – converts energy stored in a battery to voltage needed to run standard electrical equipment